Australian 1 Note Serial Numbers

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One Pound
Value1 Australian pounds
Width156 mm
Height81 mm
Security featuresThread Watermark
Paper typeCotton
Years of printing1910–1965
Design date1913[1]
Design date1913

The Australian one-pound note was the most prevalent bankote in circulation with the pound series, with the last series of 1953–66 having 1,066 million banknotes printed.[2] The first banknotes issued were superscribed notes purchased from 15 banks across Australia and printed with Australian Note and were payable in gold.

Rare Australian Decimal Polymer Banknotes. Signatures: McFarlane/Evans. Serial Numbers: HB97988180/81. LAST PREFIX 0f 1997 Grade: Uncirculated. Notation: One pair only in stock. First to see will buy. One of the highest appreciating polymer banknotes, showing annual capital growth of 11.5% since the introduction of 1997. Compared to star notes where in most cases there were over 200,000 notes.

Historic £1 note[edit]

In May 2015, the National Library of Australia announced that it had discovered the first £1 banknote printed by the Commonwealth of Australia, among a collection of specimen banknotes. This uncirculated Australian Pound (£1) note, with the serial number (red-ink) P000001, was the first piece of currency to carry the Coat of Arms of Australia, and carries the imprinted signatures of George Allen (Secretary of the Treasury; 1 January 1901 – 13 March 1916) and James Collins (Assistant Secretary, later Secretary; 14 March 1916 – 26 June 1926). Soon after its production in 1913, it was presented to the then Prime Minister, Andrew Fisher, who retained it until 1927 when he gave it to then prime minister Stanley Bruce for donation to the Parliamentary Library. At that time, the National Library was part of the Parliamentary Library. There is a contemporaneous record in the National Archives of the accession of the note into the national collection. The curator of the collection said that the note had been placed it into a conservation sleeve sometime in the past 30 years, and that notes with similar rarity and provenance and age to this note, have been sold for over A$1m.[3]

Signature combinations[edit]

Collins and Allen (1913, 1914)
Cerutty and James Collins (1918)
Miller and James Collins (1923)
Kell and James Collins (1926)
Kell and James Heathershaw (1927)
Ernest Riddle and James Heathershaw (1927)
Ernest Riddle and Sheehan (1932)
Sheehan and McFarlane (1938)
Armitage and McFarlane (1942)
H.C. Coombs and George Watt (1949)
H.C. Coombs and Wilson (1952)

See also[edit]


  1. ^The pictured note is part of the 1913 Second Issue (1913–18). Based on the authorizing signatures (C.J. Cerutti and J.R. Collins) the note was issued in 1918. Cuhaj, 2010, p. 67.
  2. ^Ian W. Pitt, ed. (2000). Renniks Australian Coin and Banknote Values (19th ed.). Chippendale, N.S.W.: Renniks Publications. p. 149. ISBN0-9585574-4-6.
  3. ^National Library finds Australia's first pound note, thought to be lost for nearly 80 years, Jordan Hayne, ABC News Online]], 5 May 2015


  • Cuhaj, George S., ed. (2010). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money General Issues (1368–1960) (13 ed.). Krause. ISBN978-1-4402-1293-2.
  • Ian W. Pitt, ed. (2000). Renniks Australian Coin and Banknote Values (19th ed.). Chippendale, N.S.W.: Renniks Publications. ISBN0-9585574-4-6.
Preceded by
One pound note (British)
Australian 1 pound note (section)
Succeeded by
Two Dollar Note (Australian)
Retrieved from ''
One hundred dollars
Value100 Australian dollars
Width158 mm
Height65 mm
Security featuresClear window with embossing, micro printing, slightly raised printing, hold the note towards light and the Australian coat of arms plus a seven pointed star will appear, ultraviolet, Unic serial number and different fonts, watermark
Paper typePolymer
Years of printing1996, 1998–99, 2008, 2010–11, 2013–14, 2017[1]
DesignDame Nellie Melba
DesignerBruce Stewart
Design date1996
DesignSir John Monash
DesignerBruce Stewart
Design date1996

The Australian one hundred-dollar note was first issued in 1984 as a paper note.[2] There have been two different issues of this denomination: initially a very light turquoise-blue paper note, and from May 1996, a green polymer note.[3] Since the start of issue there have been six signature combinations. Two other combinations were not issued.[citation needed]

In December 2016 it was reported that Australia may abolish its $100 note to close down loopholes used by the black economy.[4] However, the Reserve Bank of Australia officially stated that there are no plans to abolish the $100 note.[5]


The paper issue has a portrait of Antarctic explorer Sir Douglas Mawson, with a background of a mountain range with a geological strata format. A large diamond shape appears to the left of the main picture. Astronomer John Tebbutt is on the reverse, with a background of the observatory he built and a local church.[6]

The polymer issue was designed by Bruce Stewart, and features portraits of soprano Dame Nellie Melba and engineer and First World War general Sir John Monash.[3]

Security features[edit]

The paper design includes a watermark of Captain James Cook in the white field, and a metallic strip embedded in the paper to the left (on the obverse side) of the note. The same watermark was used in the last issue of the pre-decimal banknotes.[citation needed]

The polymer issue includes a shadow image of the Australian Coat of Arms, which is printed over. In the clear window, there is embossing—or a raised image—of the number 100 and a print of a lyrebird. Also for this issue, fluorescent colouring was added to the serial numbers, as well as a patch that shows the banknote's value under ultraviolet light. The star's four points on the obverse and three on the reverse join to form the seven-pointed Federation Star when the note is held up to the light. Raised print and micro-printing of the denomination value are also included.[7][8]


According to Reserve Bank of Australia statistics, the number of $100 banknotes in circulation in June 2005 was 149 million—18.5% of all notes in circulation. The cash value for these notes was $14,924 million—41.9% of the total value for all denominations. Only the $50 note had more cash value in circulation. In June 2008 there were 176.9 million notes in circulation (19%), with a value of $17,690 million (42.1%). Again, the value of cash in circulation is more for the $50 note.[9] The larger value in $50 notes can be explained by the fact that almost all automated teller machines dispense $20 and $50 notes, but not $100 notes.

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In June 2017, 337 million $100 notes were in circulation,[4] 22% of the total notes in circulation; worth $33,689 million, 46% of the total value for all denominations.[10]



  1. ^'SERIAL NUMBER INFORMATION'. Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  2. ^'OTHER BANKNOTES-PAPER SERIES-$100'. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  3. ^ ab'A Complete Series of Polymer Banknotes: 1992-1996'. Reserve Bank of Australia Museum. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  4. ^ abFrank Chung. 'Australia could scrap the $100 note'. The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  5. ^
  6. ^'Inflation and the Note Issue'. Reserve Bank of Australia Museum. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  7. ^'List of Security Features'. Counterfeit Detection. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  8. ^
  9. ^Notes on Issue,, Data updated to end June 2008, Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved on 4 August 2015.
  10. ^'DISTRIBUTION-CIRCULATION AND PRODUCTION STATISTICS, AS AT END JUNE 2017'. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 20 December 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ian W. Pitt, ed. (2000). Renniks Australian Coin and Banknote Values (19th ed.). Chippendale, NSW: Renniks Publications. pp. 171–172. ISBN0-9585574-4-6.
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