Bullet To The Brain Pdf

четверг 22 мартаadmin
Bullet To The Brain Pdf Rating: 7,6/10 7235 reviews

“Bullet in the Brain” is a short story written by Tobias Wolff. The story is about a book critic named Anders, while waiting in a long line at the bank he is the victim of an armed robbery and gets shot and killed.

“Bullet in the Brain” is a short story written by Tobias Wolff. The story is about a book critic named Anders, while waiting in a long line at the bank he is the victim of an armed robbery and gets shot and killed. The story is divided in to two parts, and this division allows the reader to see a contrast between two parts of main character’s personality. I want to argue in this essay that the combination of Anders love of words and negative past experiences are what led to his death, and demonstrate the contrast of Anders wisdom when he was younger ,and innocence when he was older, as a consequence of that combination.

In the first part of the story when Anders is waiting in line, he’s witness to an armed robbery and he is sarcastic and cynical until he got shot in the head. In the second part the bullet inside Anders brain slows down time to let the reader witness the negative past experience that made him such a cynical sarcastic and childish person that he was when he got shot.

I will start from the second part of the plot when he got shot. In this part of the story we see more sides to Anders character. We have a short summary of Anders past experience in life that made him so cynical and sarcastic like he is to the point he got shot.

The highlight of the second part is that the writer made a list of memories that Anders would not remember, the readers, have a better perspective to Anders personality: “He did not remember his first lover, Sherry, or what he had most madly loved about her, before it came to irritate him-her unembarrassed carnality, and especially the cordial way she had with his unit, which she called Mr. Mole As in ‘Uh-oh, looks like Mr. Mole wants to play”.

This is an example of Anders personality when he loves a woman and adores her choice of words of how she called he’s genital and gets him irritated after a while. Anders did not remembered his wife whom he had also loved before she exhausted him with her predictability”. Another example of someone he loved that he got tired of. “ Anders did not remembered his dying mother saying of his father ‘I should have stabbed him in his sleep”. Another example of a negative experiences that accrued Anders that left a mark and vanished his innocent and made him bitter. The highlight of this part of the plot is a memory of a much earlier moment in his life that shows a contrast to the cynical, sarcastic character whose comments cost his life.

As a boy, Anders accepted and admired the musical qualities of someone’s faulty grammar and had the wisdom not to ask the Coyle’s cousin to repeat his words that the other kids wont think him as a jerk, but as an adult Anders seems only to find these flaws as a kind of noise and had no wisdom to keep he’s mouth shut as expected from him. Here, we see a memory evoked at the moment of impact. “Some one asks the cousin what position he wasn’t to play. ‘Shortstop’. The boy says, “shortstop the best position they is”. Anders turns and look at him.

He wants to hear Coyle’s cousin repeat what he’s just said, thought he knows better than to ask. the others will think that he is a jerk, ragging the kid for his grammar. But that isn’t it, Anders is strangely roused, elated by those final two words. Their pure unexpectedness, and their music. He takes the field in a trance, repeating them to himself. ” Here we see what Anders is actually enthusiastic about, and likes the words for their music, even though they are grammatically wrong, as he repeats them to himself it puts him into a trance in the field.

Here he celebrates the simple unexpected usage of words that sounds beautiful to his ear. In the first part the reader gets to know Anders the book critic, His known for the “weary, elegant, savagery with which he dispatched almost everything he reviewed. ” he’s character is very cynical, sarcastic and arrogant. Through out the story Anders was sarcastic, cynical and criticizing everything, that was the cause of his death. In the beginning when he is waiting in line, in the bank, one of the tellers closes her position, Anders was listing to the woman in front of him complaining: “Oh that’s nice.

One of them said, she turned to Anders and added, confident of his accord, “one of those little human touches that keep us coming back for more”. Anders had convinced his own towering hatred of the teller, but he immediately turned it on the presumptuous crybaby in front of him. ”Damned unfair” he said “tragic really if they are not chopping off the wrong leg or bombing your ancestral village they closing their position. She stood her ground. “I didn’t say it was tragic,” she said “I just think it’s a pretty lousy way to treat your customers”. “Unforgivable” Anders said. “Heaven will take note”.

Even though that Anders was upset from the position closing, he took his anger out on the lady in front of him by being sarcastic, cynical and arrogant. It’s ironic that Anders said “Heaven take note” and in the end he is the one that got shot. We witness how the love of words get Anders to react in a careless way: “ Keep your big mouth shut! ” the man with the pistol said, thought no one had spoken a word. “One of you tellers hit the alarm, you’re all dead meat”. “Oh, bravo” Anders said, “’Dead meat’”.

He turned to the woman in front of him. ” Great script, eh? The stern, brass-knuckled poetry of the dangerous classes. Anders critic of the robber’s choice of words makes him act in away if like he is the audience of a bad play and shares he’s critic with the ladies a front of him. Anders mocks the robbers and feels superior to them by saying: ”The stern, brass-knuckled poetry of the dangerous classes. ”. This is evidence that proof how passion Anders is for words and is not aware of any danger that might happen. When the robbers addresses Anders:”’ hey! Bright boy! Did I tell you to talk? ’ “No”, Anders said. “Then shut your trap”. “Did you hear that? ” Anders said. “’ Bright boy’. Right out of the killers”.

Anders is mocking the robbers choice of words, instead of be quiet like an adult should behave in this kind of situation, but he is behaving childishly and risk himself and the people that are next to him. Anders got the robbers attention and they made him look up the ceiling, he couldn’t help it, even when the robbers are pointing a gun to him and warned him a few time Anders started to laugh at the robbers face and got shot. : “ ‘What’s so funny, bright boy? ’ ‘Nothing’. ‘You think I’m comical? You think m some kind of a clown? ’ ‘No’. ‘Fuck with me again, your history, capiche? ’

Anders burst out laughing. Covered his mouth with both of his hands and said, “ I’m sorry, I’m sorry” than snorted helplessly through his fingers and said: “Capiche-oh, God , capiche. ” And at that the man with the pistol raised the pistol and shot Anders right in the head”. This moment in the plot emphasize my argument, Anders love of words with his negative past experience is what led him to his death in the bank and he couldn’t help him self to get out of it. If this situation happen when Anders was a child he probably wouldn’t say a word to the robbers, but as an adult he couldn’t act wise and shut up.

Cite this page

Bullet in the Brain by Tobias Wolff. (2016, Sep 09). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/bullet-in-the-brain-by-tobias-wolff-essay

This is just a sample.
You can get your custom paper from our expert writers

Get your custom Essay
doi: 10.5847/wjem.j.1920-8642.2018.04.011
PMID: 30181800

Mocha ae v3 keygen photoshop 7. Dear editor,

In some communities, the using of firearms during the celebrations have become a traditional behaviour. Injuries with free falling bullets that named “tired bullet” are increasing in accordance with the increased uncontrolled using of firearms. In the literature, serious disabilities and even deaths have been reported as a result of this rare injuries. We present a patient injured due to tired bullet with foot weakness and headache.

CASE

A fifteen-year-old male patient with complaints of headache and left foot weakness was brought to emergency room. During the examination, his measured blood pressure was 100/60 mmHg, heart rate 75 per minute, and oxygen saturation 99%. The patient’s Glasgow Coma Scale was evaluated as 15 points. The patient devoloped a headache after an object hitting to his head, while walking on the sidewalk about six hours before emegency room admission. After 1 hour of injury the patient developed numbness and loss of power in left foot which was gradually increasing.

During the examination of head, there was a hyperemic lesion of 0.5 centimeters diameter in a circular view with irregular edge, near the right parieto-occipital suture and at a distance of approximately 1 centimeters of the sagittal suture. There was no burning, blacking and tattooing around the wound. External examination of the whole body showed no signs of another injury. All of the systemic examination was normal but weaknesses of the left knee and ankle flexion and toe dorsiflexion without sensory loss were only positive signs in the neurological examination. The power of left ankle dorsiflexion and left toe was grade 1/5 and positive Babinski’s sign, hyper-reflexia in left deep tendon reflex were noted. Additionally peripheral pulses were detectable. In computerized tomography (CT) imaging of the patient, there was a intact bullet in the same area with skin lesion that penetrated brain parenchyma and caused a minimal contusion just under the bone (Figure 1).

The computerized tomography (CT) imaging of patient. There was a intact bullet in the same area with skin lesion that penetrated brain parenchyma and caused a minimal contusion just under the bone.

Blood samples were taken for hemogram, biochemistry, coagulation parameters, and blood type analyzes. Tetanus prophylaxis, antibiotherapy and fluid resuscitation were applied and a consultation was requested from a brain surgeon. Finally the patient was admitted to the neurosurgery clinic. The value of Glasgow Coma Scale was not changed during emergency room management. After two weeks of surgery, we did a telephone interview with the patient, he complained of left leg numbness and partial dorsiflexion limitation.

DISCUSSION

Along with an increase in individual armament, uncontrolled using of firearms in social events such as newyear, childbirth, victory and wedding party, has become a progressive and important public threat.[1] In stray shooting to air, the bullet loses its energy and makes free falling motion, injuries related to this movement of the bullet are rare and referred to as tired bullet or falling bullet injuries.[] In the literature, there are several case reports of chest, heart and limb injuries due to tired bullets, but the number of reports related to head injuries are limited.[–] However, Ordog and colleagues investigated 118 patients that had tired bullet injuries. In this study, they found head (77%–36%) and shoulder (12%–18%) were the most affected areas. In addition, mortality rate was reported as 32%.[] In an experimental study made by Öğünç et al[] gunshots made from different angles with different diameters of bullets, and possibility of injuries due to free falling bullets were investigated. They found total kinetic energy values of bullets that 9×19 mm and 7.65×17 mm in diameter, could penetrate skin and flat bones. In addition, they found 65 falling tired bullet injury cases between 2000 and 2012 years in Turkey, 27 of these patients died and the mortality rate was calculated as 41.5% in such injuries. In accordance with the results of these studies, we determined an intact bullet that penetrated to brain parenchyma just under the right parietal bone of the head. In a study by Özdemir and colleagues, a 8-year-old female patient who had a frontal head gunshot wound during a wedding party was investigated. In this report, the tired bullet movement along with the brain and spinal canal was investigated. Unlike to our study, entrance of bullet was frontal region of the head and the path that the bullet travels was quite long.[] In our study, bullet had entered the top of head at an angle of 90 degrees, and stopped just after passing through the parietal bone by losing its energy. It caused a mild contusion in the brain parenchyma. The extent of trauma in this type of injury depends on the type, kinetic energy and mass of bullets and the location of the injury area.[]

For other uses, see.Walking the plank was a method of execution practiced on special occasion by, and other rogue. Esl football game. For the amusement of the perpetrators (and the of the victims), captives were bound so they could not swim or tread water and forced to walk off a or beam extended over the side of a ship.Although forcing captives to walk the plank is a motif of in the 19th through 21st centuries, few instances are documented, so the frequency of the practice is uncertain. 'Walk the plank' redirects here.

Most prominent complaint of the patient was left foot numbness and weakness in our study, and power of left toe was grade 1/5 in neurological examination. Acute foot drop is a result of anterior tibialis muscle weakness and usually caused by peripheral nerve lesions and lumbar disc herniations.[] Primary brain tumors and masses which are commonly at parasagittal location and affecting the pyramidal tract may result in foot drop.[] In the literature, there are many case reports about foot drop that develops in relation with some lesions such as parasagittal located brain abscess, and meningioma.[,] And also there are many reports of foot drop that develops with trauma. In a study by Kang and colleagues,[14] they reported a 49-year-old male patient with head trauma due to falling from height and foot drop presented. Like to our study, neurological examination of patient was normal except for foot drop in this study. In the CT imaging of the patient, there was a sagittal suture fracture and hemorrhagic contusion in the left premotor area. In an another study by Atac and colleagues,[] a 21-year-old male patient was presented. There was a superficial firearm injury at right parasagittal area of the head and the left foot dorsiflexion limitation was developed nearly 24 hours after the event. In the CT imaging of the head, there was a hemorrhagic contusion in parasagital area of the right parietal lobe. Similarly to these reports, there was a bullet injury and minimal contusion in right parasagital area of the brain in our study. Left foot drop was developed depending on these lesions.

CONCLUSION

To prevent this type of injuries, which may cause morbidity and mortality, individual arming and uncontrolled use of firearms should be limited. Additionally, in the cases of acute foot drop, falling tired bullet injuries should be kept in mind, because the possibility of injury around the parasagittal area is quite high in such injuries.

Footnotes

Funding: None.

Ethical approval: Not needed.

Conflicts of interest: The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest relevant to the content of the article.

Contributors: EK proposed the study and wrote the first draft. All authors read and approved the final version of the paper.

References

1. Yücel MT. Ateşli Silahlarla Mücadelede Teorik Yaklaşımlar. TBB Derg. 2005;59:49–62.[Google Scholar]
2. Rapkiewicz AV, Shuman MJ, Hutchins KD. Fatal wounds sustained from “falling bullets”maintaining a high index of suspicion in a forensic setting. J Forensic Sci. 2014;59(1):268–70. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
3. Incorvaia AN, Poulos DM, Jones RN, Tschirhart JM. Can a falling bullet be lethal at terminal velocity? Cardiac injury caused by a celebratory bullet. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007;83(1):283–4. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
4. Sharma DK, Tomar S. The stray bullet. Forensic Res Criminol Int J. 2015;1(1):00006.[Google Scholar]
5. Das K, Karateke F, Onel S, Ozkaya M, Okten Aİ, Aziret M, et al. Can tired bullets cause serious injuries? A case report and review of the literature. Injury. 2013;44(1):144–5. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
6. Ordog GJ, Dornhoffer P, Ackroyd G, Wasserberger J, Bishop M, Shoemaker W, et al. Spent bullets and their injuries:the result of firing weapons into the sky. J Trauma. 1994;37(6):1003–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
7. Öğünç Gİ, Özer MT, Çoşkun K, Eryılmaz M, Uzar Aİ. The wounding potential of free-falling bullets. Ulus Travma Acil Cerr Derg. 2013;19(5):392–7. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
8. Ozdemir M, Unlu A. Gunshot injuries due to celebratory guns hootings. Turk Neurosurg. 2009;19(1):73–6. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
9. Maiden N. Ballistics reviews:mechanisms of bullet wound trauma. Forensic Sci Med Pathol. 2009;5(3):204–9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
10. Tokuhashi Y, Matsuzaki H, Uematsu Y, Oda H. Symptoms of thoraco lumbar junction disc herniation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2001;26(22):E512–8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
11. Westhout FD, Pare LS, Linskey ME. Central causes of footdrop:rare and under appreciated differentia ldiagnoses. J Spinal Cord Med. 2007;30(1):62–6.[PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
12. Eskandary H, Hamzei A, Yasamy MY. Foot drop following brain lession. Surg Neurol. 1995;43(1):89–90. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
13. Özdemir N, Citak G, Acar UD. Spastik foot drop caused by a brain tumor:A case report. Br J Neurosurg. 2004;18(3):314–15. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
14. Kang MS, Youm JY, Choi SW, Kim SH, Koh HS, Song SH, et al. Foot drop caused by a focal brain injury. J Kor Neroltraumatol Soc. 2005;1(1):118–21.[Google Scholar]
15. Atac K, Ulaş UH, Erdogan H, Gokcil Z. Foot drop due to cranial gunshot wound. Mil Med. 2004;169(7):568–9. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
Articles from World Journal of Emergency Medicine are provided here courtesy of The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine