سریال های مشهور در طلوع Famous Serials on TOLO TV محصولات انحصاری افغانی مانند برنامه های تلویزیونی حقیقی (ستاره افغان، آواز افغانستان)،.
|Born||1981 (age 38–39)|
|Occupation||Film producer and director|
|Known for||Movies Three Dots and Osama, TV show Secrets of This House, and establishing Roya Film House|
Roya Sadat (born 1981; in Herat, Afghanistan) is an Afghan film producer and director. She was the first woman director in the history of Afghan cinema in the post-Taliban era, and ventured into making feature films and documentaries on the theme of injustice and restrictions imposed on women. Following the fall of the Taliban regime in the country, she made her debut feature film Three Dots. For this film she received six of nine awards which included as best director and best film. In 2003, she and her sister Alka Sadat established the Roya Film House and under this banner produced more than 30 documentaries and feature films. She is now involved in producing a television series titled Bahasht Khamosh.
Roya Sadat was born in Herat, Afghanistan in 1983, at the time of the Russian war. She studied law and political science at the Herat University and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 2005. In 2006, she studied at the Asian Academy, Pusan for a Certificate Course in Film Direction. When she was very young, at the time the Taliban ruled in Afghanistan, women's education was a taboo. Then she and her five sisters were educated at home by her mother. She was an autodidact who educated herself by reading books authored by Syd Field in Persian-translated versions. She was very passionate about producing films. But considering restrictive atmosphere during the Taliban regime in her country she started writing scripts for plays and movies. In 1999, even during the Taliban regime, she wrote and directed a play for a theater show for a group of Afghan women. After the Taliban regime came to an end, she started making films and her first feature film as a producer and director was Three Dots, known in Afghanistan as Se noughta, or Ellipsis. She made this film in less than two weeks, in a digital video format. The film, though not a quality product, still gave an exposure to the western audience on the status of women in Afghanistan. Sadat discovered Gul Afroz for the lead role in this film even though Afroz had no formal training in acting. When Afroz was prevented by her husband and family members to act in the film she threatened to commit suicide, but she eventually acted in the film. This film received 'rave reviews' around the world.
For her documentary titled Osama, which preceded her first feature film, Siddiq Barmak gave her $2000 as payment, and also engaged her to write scripts for two short films and to work on Japanese television. She did research for the documentary Three, Two, One related in illiteracy among women of her country which was produced by her sister Alka Sadat; this was slated for screening, in 2007, in the Afghan parliament to highlight the need for approving pending legislation on this subject.
Her fiction film Taar wa Zakhma meaning Playing The Taar screened at the 7th IAWRT Asian Women's Film Festival 2011 deals with the tribulations of a 17-year-old girl married to a much older man. It was also screened at the Kabul's First Autumn Human Rights Film Festival and received large audience appreciation. In her film productions she generally works as script writer, director, and in many other roles including music.
In 2007, Roya also worked for Afghan Television Tolo TV and produced popular soap opera called the Secrets of This House with 50 episodes related to the current life of people of her country.
In 2003, she and her sister Alka Sadat, established the first independent Afghan film company. In 2006, she pursued her studies at the Asian Film Academy in South Korea under a scholarship.
Sadat is also credited with establishing the International Women's Film Festival in Afghanistan in 2013 as co-founder and president.
Sadat was one of the jury members at the 'Netpac award' for Malayalam films screened by the Malayalam Cinema, in 2014.
- Graham, Mark A. (2010). Afghanistan in the Cinema. University of Illinois Press. ISBN978-0-252-03527-2.
- ^'Meet the 2018 International #WomenofCourage'. United States Department of State. March 21, 2018. Archived from the original on March 22, 2018. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^Nili, Hadi (March 24, 2018). 'نام رویا سادات در فهرست 'زنان شجاع' وزارت خارجه آمریکا'. BBC Persian. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
- ^ abcdeGraham 2010, p. 142.
- ^ abcdeNagarajan, Saraswathy (17 December 2014). 'Voice of the silenced'. The Hindu. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- ^ abNawa, Fariba (2007). 'New Voices New Afghanistan'. Aramco World. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
- ^ abcdef'Roya Sadat: 'She even changed her name to Sohrab, a boy's name''. Huffington Post. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- ^ abc'International Jury'. Roya Sadat. International Film Festival of Kerala 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- ^ abcGraham 2010, p. 133.
- ^ abcd'Ways Of Seeing: Rhetoric And Reality Report on the 7th IAWRT Asian Women's Film Festival, Seminar and Exhibitions India International Centre, New Delhi March 5, 7 and 8, 2011'(pdf). The Network of Women in Media, India. 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
- ^ abMohan, Reena (20 October 2011). 'They question with their camera'. The Hindu Businessline. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
KABUL, — After four years of watching television programs test the boundaries of decorum and build devoted audiences in the process, conservatives are striking back.
In the latest battle of the long-simmering war between cultural conservatives and liberals, the minister for information and culture ordered television networks to stop broadcasting five soap operas on Tuesday, saying they were not in keeping with “Afghan religion and culture.”
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The minister, Abdul Karim Khurram, said last week that he had made the decision in consultation with the Council of Clerics, made up of the country’s most influential religious leaders.
The private television companies initially refused to obey the order and said they would plead their case to Afghanistan’s president. The television shows, all soap operas produced in , continued to be broadcast every evening and have much of the urban population hooked.
As the deadline approached, however, one network, Ariana TV, buckled and pulled one of the soap operas, “Kumkum,” on Sunday. The network was immediately deluged with calls from viewers, said Abdul Qadir Mirzai, Ariana’s chief news editor.Continue reading the main story
Control of television and its content has been a hotly debated issue here for decades. The strictly conservative government banned it outright, and the government before that, run by mujahedeen leaders, banned female singers and presenters.
But under President Hamid Karzai, who is backed by the West, television has flourished, with 17 private television companies starting in the past six years, 11 of them based in Kabul, the capital. Numerous cable television companies also provide a wide selection of foreign films and television shows.
The Afghan networks present a mix of news, popular-music programs and imported serials and soap operas, and are hugely popular, drawing crowds in teahouses and ice cream parlors. Call-in shows, including an Afghan version of “,” also have large followings, as do news programs.
Many viewers in this struggling country are so absorbed by the soap operas that they rush home in the evening to find out what happens next. Will Prina on “Life’s Test” convince her husband that she is not having an affair with a tycoon, Mr. Bajaj? Can Tulsi, the heroine of “Because the Mother-in-Law Was Once the Daughter-in-Law,” ward off the schemes of her husband’s former mistress? Both shows are among the five banned by Mr. Khurram, the minister of culture.
The television companies have also made themselves felt on the political front, not only by broadcasting probing news reports but also by taking sides in ethnic and language debates, which reflect political divisions in Afghanistan.
As Afghanistan prepares for a presidential election next year, some station owners and journalists contend that the ban on television programs is part of a political tussle for control of the airwaves. Political party leaders have opened their own television stations, which are already challenging the Karzai government.
President Karzai has signaled that he sides with the conservatives in the controversy over the serials. Although he said that he would ensure the freedom of the media while he was in power, he has said several times that programs that go against Afghan culture should not be allowed.
Despite his liberal leanings, Mr. Karzai has been swayed before by conservatives on cultural issues. After complaints in Parliament two years ago, Mr. Karzai appointed the more conservative Mr. Khurram as minister of culture, replacing Sayed Makhdoom Raheen, who oversaw the expansion of free media after the fall of the Taliban.
Mr. Khurram ordered the ban of the five shows after strong protests in Parliament over a recent televised awards ceremony on a private station, Tolo TV, that showed Afghan men and women dancing together, an activity that is virtually taboo in this country.
Mr. Khurram has defended his action, saying he did less than the Council of Clerics, or Ulema, had asked.
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“The Ulema wanted to ban all TV serials,” Mr. Khurram said in an interview. “But I tried hard to ban only those serials that caused the most upset.”
Describing one of the soap operas broadcast by Tolo TV, he said, “There are scenes that are difficult for an Afghan family to watch, such as that of a woman with more than one husband.”
A member of the Council of Clerics, Said Enayatullah Baligh, who is the imam of Kabul’s large Khishti mosque, confirmed the council’s opposition to the television programs. “These are not acceptable to our faith and culture, and we will campaign to ban them,” he said.
Abdul Hamid Mubariz, director of the National Association of Journalists, an independent group that supports Afghan journalists and media organizations, called the ban “unjustifiable.”
“Our position is clear, and we defend the freedom of speech,” said Mr. Mubariz, who is a former deputy minister of information and culture. Under the law, complaints about media content should be first considered by a media commission and programs cannot be banned outright by the minister, he and others said.
Ehsanullah Arianzai, director of Ariana TV, the network that acceded to the order to drop “Kumkum,” suggested that some of the politicians calling for the ban were motivated less by beliefs than by business concerns. He said they had started rival television stations and that they were having difficulty competing with the established ones.
The ban would hurt Ariana TV financially, Mr. Arianzai said. “From a commercial perspective, it would put pressure on us as we receive a lot of advertising for these serials,” he said.
The television companies defend the shows largely on the basis of their popularity. The companies said they had already edited out culturally offensive scenes, like those in which actors exposed too much flesh.
Masoud Qeyam, a senior reporter and editor for Tolo TV, said his station used the revenue from the popular soap operas to finance its highly regarded news programs. “These programs have the largest number of people watching them,” he said. “It is through them that we are able to broadcast other programs, such as the news.”
Tolo’s executives said Monday that they were resisting the ban but that they had not decided what to do beyond the deadline.